To everyone who is celebrating, we wish you a wonderful holiday!
Cholesterol is essential for human life. It is not only a necessary component of cell membranes, but also an important starting material for the production of sex hormones in the adrenal grands, ovaries and testicles. In addition, vitamin D, which is so important for our metabolism, is formed from cholesterol under the skin. Most cholesterol is needed for the production of bile acid in the liver. Due to the many functions of cholesterol in the body, it is also able to produce cholesterol itself. This means that 90% of the daily amount of cholesterol needed is produced by the liver. In contrast, only 10% of total cholesterol is absorbed with food.
Cholesterol is a fat-like substance and, like triglycerides and long-chain fatty acids, is insoluble in water, i. e. it cannot circulate freely in the blood (blood consists of 70% water). Therefore, the fats are transferred to a water-soluble form, the so-called lipoproteins.
The exogenous metabolic pathway
Dietary fats absorbed through the intestine – cholesterol, triglycerides and long-chain fatty acids – are packed in lipoprotein shells in the intestinal wall and thus enter the vascular system via the lymph channels. From there they are distributed throughout the body. With the help of enzymes, triglycerides and individual fatty acids are broken down, which are needed for energy production and various metabolic processes. The remaining residual particles are absorbed by the liver.
The endogenous metabolic pathway
The liver produces various lipoproteins from the residual particles, among other things LDL cholesterol. The LDL is absorbed into the cells via special LDL receptors found on almost all cell types and thus removed from the bloodstream. Unfortunately, the absorption of LDL cholesterol into cells is not unlimited. If the supply of cholesterol from the blood exceeds the needs of the cells, the LDL receptors on the cell surface are reduced and the cells absorb less and less LDL cholesterol from the blood.
As a result, a large part of the LDL cholesterol present in the blood oxidizes and is absorbed by the immune system’s scavenger cells (macrophages). So-called “foam cells” are formed, which contain large amounts of cholesterol. Over time, these cells die off and release cholesterol crystals, which promote the deposition of plaques in damaged vessels – arteriosclerosis develops.
HDL cholesterol is formed in the intestine and liver as well as in the blood while metabolizing other lipoproteins. These can – and this distinguishes them from other lipoproteins present in the blood – absorb oxidized LDL cholesterol and transport it back to the liver, where it is then used to produce bile acids.
Primary and secondary lipometabolic disorders
Approximately 30 percent of diagnosed hypercholesterolaemia are primary or familial hypercholesterolaemia. Primary or familial hypercholesterol anaemia is attributed to a gene defect. This gene defect causes fewer LDL receptors to be formed on the cells and thus reduces the absorption of cholesterol into the cells – with the result that the LDL concentration in the blood rises rapidly.
Often, however, an elevated cholesterol level is secondary. The reason for this may be, for example, a nutrition that is too rich in fats, which in particular contains too many saturated fatty acids and trans fatty acids. But a nutrition high in carbohydrates and low in fiber also contributes to this. Diseases such as hypothyroidism, diabetes or renal dysfunction can also cause elevated cholesterol levels. Furthermore, medication such as cortisone, antihypertensives or beta-blockers are suspected of having a negative effect on cholesterol levels.
What role does nutrition play?
Dietary and lifestyle changes are core elements of prevention and treatment of dyslipidemia.
In general, a nutrition that is simply low in cholesterol is not recommended. The cholesterol in food usually has only a small effect on blood levels. It is much more important to have a balanced nutrition in which, besides high-quality vegetable omega-3 oils, sea fish, lots of fresh vegetables, herbs, fruits, as well as high-fiber foods are on the menu.
Influence of carbohydrates on cholesterol levels
A low-carbohydrate nutrition has a positive effect on blood lipid levels and cholesterol. This was observed by scientists in a study of nearly 180 overweight middle-aged men. In the subjects who only met their energy requirements with carbohydrates for a quarter instead of a half, the harmful triglyceride levels and unhealthy LDL cholesterol in the blood already showed a decrease after three weeks. This effect was also observed if the participants did not lose weight.
The explanation for this is provided by the metabolic intermediate product acetyl-CoA. It is produced during the breakdown of carbohydrates, fats and proteins, is needed for energy production and at the same time is also the starting substance for the body’s own cholesterol synthesis. With a high consumption of carbohydrates, especially those with a high glycemic load, more acetyl-CoA molecules are formed, which then stimulate cholesterol formation when no energy is needed, for example in the form of exercise and activity.
Vegetables – cholesterol-lowering
Fiber-rich foods, which are mainly rich in soluble fiber, such as apples, pulses and oats, have a positive influence on LDL levels. Their direct effectiveness is mainly based on their ability to bind bile acids in the intestine and excrete them. The more bile acids are bound and disposed of in the intestine by the soluble fiber, the less cholesterol is reabsorbed into the bloodstream. As a result, the liver removes more cholesterol from the bloodstream for the production of bile acid – the level of LDL cholesterol in the blood drops.
In addition to soluble fiber, plant foods also offer a special group of bioactive substances, the so-called plant sterols (phytosterols). These are particularly useful in reducing the absorption of cholesterol from the intestines into the bloodstream.
Plant sterols compete on the micelles in the small intestine with the absorption of cholesterol, so that cholesterol in the presence of plant sterols is increasingly excreted in the stool. This also means that less cholesterol is absorbed into the body, whether it is food cholesterol or the cholesterol that enters the intestines with bile acid. Plant sterols are found naturally in vegetable oils, pumpkin seeds, sunflower seeds or pine nuts and other nuts.
In addition to abundant fiber and phytosterols, vegetable foods also provide a high proportion of other secondary plant substances (carotenoids, polyphenols, sulfides, etc. ), which may protect LDL cholesterol from oxidation. The free radicals that accumulate in the body during the metabolic process or also due to stress are absorbed by the antioxidants and thus prevent them from joining with the cholesterol-containing fat particles.
Avoid hidden fats
The quality of dietary fats also has a major influence on the concentration of lipoproteins. Neither cholesterol nor fats are “dangerous” substances, but essential to life. The problem is usually that too many fats with an unfavorable fatty acid composition are consumed. A scientific study shows that on average 70 % of the daily amount of fat is absorbed as hidden fat (e. g. in sausage, cheese, chocolate, sweet pastries, snacks etc. ). However, it is now known that the fatty acid pattern in nutrition influences the composition, size and oxidation tendency of LDL cholesterol.
Therefore, the focus should be on monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids. A wide variety of studies have shown that replacing saturated fatty acids and trans fatty acids with omega-3 fatty acids (sea fish, cold-pressed vegetable oils, walnuts, seedlings) helps to activate the LDL receptors on the cells to absorb more LDL cholesterol.
With a balanced nutrition rich in vital substances, as well as by avoiding industrially processed foods and a healthy lifestyle, which means integrating exercise into everyday life and reducing stress, a secondary lipometabolic disorder can be kept in check. At the same time, other risk factors for cardiovascular diseases such as high blood pressure or blood sugar as well as obesity can be reduced.
In the Metabolic Balance metabolic program, analysis of blood values can determine whether the problem is primary or secondary hypercholesterolemia. Not only values such as total cholesterol, HDL or LDL cholesterol are decisive, but also glucose and triglyceride values must be taken into account in order to be able to make the appropriate nutrition recommendations. Simply avoiding foods high in fat and cholesterol can only reduce elevated cholesterol levels to a limited extent.
- Scholz R: Medizinische Biochemie, Band 9/10 „Cholesterin, Lipoproteine und Steroidhormone“, Zuckschwerdt-Verlag
- Deutsche Gesellschaft für Ernährung e.V. Evidenzbasierte Leitlinie: Fettkonsum und Prävention ausgewählter ernährungsbedingter Krankheiten. Version 2015; http://www.dge.de
- Deutsche Gesellschaft für Ernährung e.V. Evidenzbasierte Leitlinie: Kohlenhydratzufuhr und Prävention ausgewählter ernährungsbedingter Krankheiten. Version 2011; http://www.dge.de
- Worm,N., Mehr Fett. Warum die etablierten Ernährungsempfehlungen nicht haltbar und potenziell gefährlich sind. Ernährung & Medizin 27 (2012)57-63
- Bantal, Ganapathi; George, Belinda (2012): Low density Lipoprotein cholesterol target. Changing goal posts. In: India journal of endocrinology and metabolism 16 (suppl 2), S233-5. DOI:10.4103/2230-8210.104047
This spinach and egg combination is a quick and easy meal, perfect for breakfast or lunch!
1 serving of spinach
1 Tbsp. of vegetable stock
Salt and pepper
Gently poach the eggs. Wash the spinach and lightly steam in a pan until soft. Season with salt, pepper and nutmeg. Pureé the eggs with salt, pepper and some vegetable stock. Serve the sauce with the spinach. Enjoy!
An essential tool in a Metabolic Balance kitchen is a kitchen scale to weigh out your ingredients when you first start the program. One ingredient that is helpful to weigh are eggs! Often recipes call for a “large” or “medium” egg but what does that truly mean? Well we have you covered with this infographic below that gives a weight for each of the different egg sizes!
Metabolic Balance is about learning to eat for you. This testimonial is from Rosemarie a client from Metabolic Balance Australia and New Zealand .
Rosemarie and her husband are both close to retirement. They worked with Cherry, head practitioner for Metabolic Balance Australia and New Zealand back in 2019 and two years on and they are, “enjoying life as our bodies can do what they have been created to do.”
Life is about living and feeling your best for as long as you can. It is lovely to hear regular updates from our clients on the ongoing health benefits and lifelong knowledge that Metabolic Balance gives. Far too many people are locked in a vicious cycle of poor health and a future of pain and discomfort. Your food is the biggest driver of imbalance that you will do every single day. By breaking this cycle, learning the right way for you and experiencing what your health could potentially be, you could change your whole future. If you want to experience something different in your health, you need to do something different. You need to make a difference for yourself. To experience your true potential, reset your body and change your future health, find your Metabolic Balance practitioner today. It all starts with you. You can make a difference for you and your family.
Credit: Metabolic Balance Australia and New Zealand
This unique twist on deviled eggs is not only delicious but perfect for a spring meal!
1 serving of eggs
1 serving of vegetables (e. g. avocado, lettuce)
Pomegranate seeds (or a fruit according to your plan)
Salt and pepper
Hard boil the eggs and after cool, peel them and then cut in half. Remove the egg yolk. Remove the pit and peel of the avocado and mix it with the egg yolk, salt, pepper and puree until smooth. Put the mixture into piping bag and fill the egg halves with it. Place the lettuce leaves on a plate and add the filled eggs halves on top. Garnish with some chives and a few pomegranate seeds. Enjoy!
How many eggs are actually good for me? For a long time, opinions differed when it came to determining a recommended consumption level for eggs. Eggs were thought to have a negative effect on cholesterol levels. In fact, the recommended amount of eggs is not based on cholesterol at all, but on the inflammatory parameters in the blood. There is a lot of omega-6 fatty acid (arachidonic acid) in egg yolks, which is highly inflammatory. Healthy people with low inflammation levels could eat eggs daily without harming themselves. However, if the inflammatory parameters are elevated, you should really pay attention to the weekly amount of eggs.
Your Metabolic Balance nutrition plan will tell you how many eggs are ideal for you.
Have you found yourself wondering “why is my health like this”? “I just don’t feel like me anymore.” “Why can’t I get well?” “My body used to work but now I just don’t get what’s going on!” Food and lifestyle choices are now fully recognized as being intimately linked to everyday health. Join our free Info Webinar to learn how our Metabolic Balance Program resets your metabolism and manages your weight and well-being long-term without pills, shakes, injections or processed foods.
Join us on March 31, 2021 at 11 am ET / 8 am PT! Click the link below to register.
Even Hippocrates said “Let food be your medicine . . . ” So think about what you eat! Ask yourself questions like “Is this food good for me?”, ” Does this meal provide me with all the important substances my body needs?”, or “Is this stuff bad for me?” … Or make Metabolic Balance. With a nutrition according to your plan, you no longer have to ask yourself these questions – you automatically eat the right things.
This easy and quick salad helps you get your apple day in a delicious meal!
1 serving of sole filets
1 serving of salad according to your plan
Salt and pepper
Cut the fresh sole filet into medium-sized pieces, season with salt and pepper and cook on each side just before serving. Clean, wash, spin and cut the salad into bite-sized pieces. Wash the apple, pat dry, halve and remove the core. Cut the apple into narrow slices. Mix the vegetable stock with salt, pepper and vinegar. Mix the dressing with the salad in a bowl. Arrange on a plate and serve. Enjoy!